Population: 36.29 million (2016)
GDP per capita: 42,000 USD
Paris Climate Agreement: Ratified
Number of MPS students: 1
Canada is affected by many natural disasters. Some of them include earthquakes, floods, landslides, and winter storms. There are around 1400 earthquakes per year, and 50 serious ones. Floods in Canada also cost a lot of money in damages.
Between 1948 and 2013, the average temperature in Canada has increased by 1.6 degrees Celsius. There are warming trends across the country, most prominently seen in northern Canada. The country is predicted to get even warmer in the future, leading to heat waves, droughts, and forest fires. Ocean environments will also be affected which will cause rising sea levels.
Canada has taken many steps towards reducing carbon emissions and combating climate change. One of these strategies is using clean electricity from renewable sources. Currently, 18.9% of Canada’s energy comes from a renewable source. Oil represents 3% of Canada’s GDP. In fall 2017, the Canadian government launched the Low Carbon Economy Fund. It is an organization dedicated to generating clean growth and reduce carbon emissions and fossil fuels in Canada. They are working on creating clean industries to achieve a sustainable future.