Population: 261.1 million (2016)
GDP per capita: 4,000 USD
Carbon Emissions: 1.82 metric tons per capita
Paris Climate Agreement: Ratified
Number of MPS students: 3
The CO2 per capita emissions levels in Indonesia peaked at 2.56 metric tons in 2012. Since then it has decreased to 1.82 metric tons in 2014. The Indonesian government has ratified the Paris Climate Change agreement. “Indonesia is the world’s fifth largest emitter of greenhouse gases, mainly due to the conversion of its forests and carbon-rich peatlands. These shifts in land use have ecological and social consequences, as Indonesia’s forests are home to thousands of plant and animal species, and 50-60 million Indonesians depend directly on the forests for their livelihoods.” Indonesia plans to decrease its greenhouse emissions by 26% by 2020. Indonesia’s forests like brazil are important for the conservation of animal species like orangutans. Indonesia has encountered several natural disasters. One of the most recent was the Pidie Jaya earthquake which killed 100 people and displaced 45,000 people.
Indonesia is a nation with an abundance of natural resources including: oil, gas, coal, copper, tin and forests.
The Indonesian government thinks it should diversify its energy mix in order to be less dependent on a nonrenewable resource like oil.
The chart above shows Indonesia’s efforts on diversifying its energy mix in comparison to other southeast asian countries.